Sunday, November 4, 2012

Right Sizing vCenter Operations Manager vApp For Efficient Performance !!

Out of a recent engagement on vCenter Operations Manager, the most important discussion point which came out was the sizing of vCOPS vAPP. There were other discussions as well which are interesting and I would write and share about those facts, however I thought this should be a good start towards understanding what vCOPS can do for you and how the solution should be sized for best results.

If you are new to vCOPS and need to understand the basics about vCOPS, you should refer to one of my previous article about vCOPS - vCenter Operations Manager - Solving Performance, Capacity and Configuration Problems!!

After going through that post you would know that vCOPS is available as a packaged vAPP which consists of two Virtual Machines. These machines are called:-

Analytics Virtual Machine and UI Virtual Machine

The diagram below shows the architecture of this vAPP:-

In this article I will not explain each of these components as it is clearly defined in a free VMware MyLearn training on the following link - VMware vCenter Operations Manager Fundamentals [V5.X]. I would highly recommend this training to anyone who wants to learn about vCOPS to understand the basics of this solution.

Now, coming back to sizing these virtual machines. 

Analytics VM - On a high level you need to understand that the Analytics VM is the one which does most of the work and also gets all the data in form of Raw Metrics. All the algorithms regarding the Performance Analytics run in this virtual machine and the same are stored in separate database which are hosted on this virtual machine.

UI (User-Interface) VM - This is where the Capacity IQ is hosted along with the Admin User-Interface, vSphere User-Interface and the Custom User-Interface. The Capacity related data is stored in a database which is a part of this virtual machine.

Now, the question which rises out from here is that how do we size these virtual machines in terms of CPU & Memory resources and how much storage should be assigned to these Virtual Machines to ensure that all the components of this application are able to run successfully and also perform all the tasks which you expect them to.

Since we know that vCOPS extends its offering to vSphere and Non vSphere environments, we need to look at sizing requirements from both perspectives:-

a) Based on the number of VMs – Works well for a vSphere-centric Environment.

b) Based on the number of Metrics – Works well when adding non vSphere adapters

Let's look at the numbers for a vSphere Environment for CPU, RAM & Storage

In case you are using a collector to collect metrics data from Non-vSphere environment, then you would need to calculate and add CPU, Memory & Disk resources on the basis of the recommended numbers below:-

I hope this will help you to size your vCOPS vAPP appropriately at the time of deployment. Right sizing will ensure that you do not face any issues with this application while it's monitoring the performance, showcasing capacity and ensuring standard configurations and compliance in your vSphere & Non-vSphere environment.

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